After being sworn in as the country’s first freely elected civilian president on Saturday, Morsi formally received a transfer of power and pledge of support from the military.
But the 60-year-old’s swearing-in ceremony took place at the constitutional court in Cairo, despite Morsi’s wish that it take place before the now disbanded Islamist-led parliament.
The military dissolved parliament last month following a court order in what the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, from which Morsi stood down after his election, described as a “soft coup.”
In Saturday’s handover at Cairo’s Hike Step base, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, the head of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), vowed to support the Islamist Morsi.
“We will stand with the new president, elected by the people,” Tantawi said in a speech, in the ceremony ending the military led transitional period since Hosni Mubarak’s overthrow in an uprising in February 2011.
“I accept the transfer of power,” Morsi said at the same base where members of the once-banned Brotherhood had faced military trials under Mubarak.
However, the ritual masked a political impasse ripe for future confrontation.
The SCAF assumed legislative powers after it disbanded parliament and also formed a powerful national security council headed by the president but dominated by the generals.
The military also reserves the right to appoint a new constituent assembly should the one elected by the old parliament be disbanded by a court decision expected on September 1,
The military is also expected to want a say over sensitive ministries such as the defence ministry, headed by Tantawi, and the foreign ministry.
It had said the president would be able to appoint or dismiss any minister, but a Morsi aide told AFP before his inauguration there were still ongoing discussions with the generals on where their powers stop and Morsi’s start.
Morsi has been consulting a cross-section of Egyptian society before appointing a premier and a cabinet made up mostly of technocrats.
After taking the oath of office on Saturday, the new president in a speech at Cairo University pointedly mentioned the “elected parliament” several times and said the army should resume its normal role.
“The elected institutions will return to fulfilling their roles. And the great military will devote itself to the task of protecting the country,” he said.
An Israeli source said yesterday that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had written to Morsi urging him to uphold the 1979 peace accord between their two countries and wishing him good luck.
The letter, first reported by Israeli daily Haaretz, “stressed Israel’s desire to continue cooperation and to strengthen the peace,” the source said on condition of anonymity.
Haaretz said Israeli officials had decided to put off attempts to organise a phone call between Morsi and Netanyahu, but said the Israeli leader had dispatched an envoy to meet Egyptian security officials.
But Morsi received a call yesterday from Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas, who thanked him for supporting the Palestinians, the official Egyptian MENA news agency reported.
Israeli President Shimon Peres, a Nobel peace laureate, sent Morsi a message of his own yesterday, his office said, in which he wrote that “contrary to war, peace is the victory of both sides.”
Morsi has repeated that Egypt – the first Arab state to make formal peace with Israel – would respect its international treaties, in an allusion to the 1979 accord.
As president, he is not expected to radically change Egypt’s foreign policy, especially towards Israel, in which the military is expected to exercise its clout.