Snubbing criticism of the bill by the United States, the Kremlin-controlled upper house of parliament overwhelmingly backed the bill, with just one vote against and one abstention, speeding its passage in its last session before a summer break.
Its rushed adoption signals the importance Putin attaches to the law, which will force non-governmental organisations (NGOs) receiving foreign funding that engage in “political activity” to register with the Justice Ministry as foreign agents and to file a report on their operations to officials every quarter.
Under the controversial bill, which only needs Putin’s endorsement before becoming law, any NGO failing to comply with the new rules could face higher penalties, including six months’ suspension without a court order and up to three years in jail.
Critics say the term “foreign agents”, which NGOs will be forced to print on all of their publications, harks back to the Cold War. Those who risk being branded, such as human rights campaigner Amnesty International and corruption watchdog Transparency International, will be seen by many Russians as traitors.
They say it is being used by the Kremlin to tar and silence organisations whose criticism of Putin’s human rights record has undercut his credibility and helped fuel the biggest protests against his rule since he first rose to power in 2000.