NEW YORK: The dollar took a breather in early Asian trade on Friday, poised for weekly losses, as investors awaited U.S. employment data for clues to the timing of the Federal Reserve’s next interest rate hike.
Data released on Thursday showed the number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits fell more than expected last week. The nonfarm payrolls report is due later in the session and is expected to show employers added 175,000 jobs in January, according to the median of 102 economists polled by Reuters.
Other data on Thursday showed worker productivity slowing in the fourth quarter, which economists said suggested companies would need to keep hiring to increase output.
The dollar index, which gauges the greenback against six major currencies, edged up 0.1% to 99.867, on track to shed 0.6% for a week that saw it dip as low as 99.233, its lowest since late November.
The dollar began climbing after Donald Trump’s presidential election victory on Nov. 8 on expectations that his stimulus policies would stoke growth and inflation. But Trump’s protectionist policies and immigration curbs have taken away some investors’ appetite for risk, leading them to trim their long dollar positions.
“The dollar has been pulled down by fear, in markets, given all the headlines,” particularly those about Iran, said Jennifer Vail, head of fixed-income research for US Bank Wealth Management in Portland, Oregon.
Trump is poised to impose new sanctions on multiple Iranian entities, seeking to ratchet up pressure on Tehran while crafting a broader strategy to counter what he sees as its destabilizing behavior, people familiar with the matter said on Thursday.
“That might actually put some substantial downward pressure on the markets, despite the good jobless claims number,” she said. “The dollar is being pulled down by some of that geopolitical risk.”
The Fed’s meeting on Wednesday disappointed some dollar bulls. Although the central bank said job gains were solid and both inflation and economic confidence were rising, some inflation gauges were still weak. It gave investors no fresh reason to prepare for a rate hike anytime soon.
Against the yen, the dollar edged up 0.1% to 112.94 yen after slumping to 112.05 yen overnight, its lowest since late November. It was on track to fall 1.9 percent for the week.
The euro was steady at $1.0758, after rising as high as $1.0829 overnight, its loftiest peak since Dec. 8. It was up 0.6% for the week.