LONDON: The euro rose on Monday as traders turned their attention away from a divisive G7 summit towards a European Central Bank (ECB) policy meeting that could signal the beginning of the end of the bloc’s vast economic stimulus.
Investors are raising their bets that the ECB will signal on Thursday a winding down of its vast bond-buying programme by the end of this year following a flurry of hawkish comments by officials last week.
The euro gained 0.4% to $1.1816, closing in on a two-week high of $1.1840 touched on Thursday. It also rose half a percent against the safe-haven Swiss franc.
The euro bounced despite heightened worries about a global trade war following a dispute at the Group of Seven summit in Canada that laid bare a rift between U.S. President Donald Trump and other leaders over automobile tariffs and other issues.
Trumped lashed out at Canada and Europe over the U.S. trade deficit after he arrived in Singapore, where he is due to hold a historic meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Tuesday.
The Canadian dollar, which has been dogged by fears that Trump may scrap the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), fell 0.3% to C$1.2960.
Analysts said that the fairly muted reaction in currencies reflected the low expectations markets had for the G7 summit despite the fact that the euro is sensitive to the threat of U.S. tariffs on cars.
“The overhang of global trade wars is still very much alive but the global FX price action this week will be driven by a stream of other key events,” said Viraj Patel, a currencies analyst at ING.
Investors are ready for more volatility before a confluence of big events this week, including the Trump-Kim summit, policy reviews by the world’s three major central banks, and a UK parliamentary Brexit bill vote. (For a Factbox, see )
Easing Italian political concerns and speculation the ECB will announce on June 14 when it will unwind its bond purchasing programme put the dollar under pressure last week as the euro bounced back from 10-month lows.
“I have to wonder why suddenly ECB officials made such comments last week. I would suspect those who have shorted the euro will continue to cover their short positions ahead of the meeting,” said Koichi Takamatsu, head of forex at Nomura Securities.
Italian Economy Minister Giovanni Tria promised on Sunday that his new coalition government has no intention of leaving the euro and plans to focus on cutting debt levels.
“The Italy-induced mini crisis is over and already forgotten,” economists at Commerzbank said in a note.
Before the ECB meeting, the U.S. Federal Reserve is almost unanimously expected to raise interest rates for the second time this year on Wednesday. The market’s focus will be on the Fed’s projection on the path of future interest rates.
“I would think a forecast of four rate hikes this year would be already priced in. But if the Fed suggests faster rate hikes in 2019 than previously anticipated, that could destabilise the market,” said Ayako Sera, market economist at Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Bank.
Elsewhere the Swiss franc weakened nearly 0.3% to 1.162 francs to the euro after voters rejected a plan to transform Switzerland’s financial landscape.
A Sovereign Money initiative barring commercial banks from electronically creating money when they lend was rejected by more than three quarters of voters in a referendum on Sunday.