DUBAI: Orders for Saudi Aramco‘s debut international bonds topped US$100 billion on Tuesday, a record breaking vote of market confidence for the oil giant despite some investor concerns about government influence over the company.
Aramco was expected to raise around US$10 billion from the deal, which will be priced later on Tuesday and is seen as a gauge of potential investor interest in the Saudi company’s eventual initial public offering.
Before the six-part bond deal was marketed on Monday, Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said initial indications of interest for the paper were over US$30 billion.
Demand for the paper was the largest for emerging markets bonds since an orderbook value of more than US$52 billion for Qatar’s US$12 billion bonds last year.
Aramco’s bonds have attracted demand from a wide range of investors, as state-owned Aramco’s vast profits would put its debt rating – if unconstrained by its sovereign links – in the same league as independent oil majors like Exxon Mobil and Shell.
The issue follows on the heels of Aramco’s planned US$69.1 billion acquisition of a 70% stake in petrochemicals firm Saudi Basic Industries Corp (Sabic) from the Saudi sovereign wealth fund, a deal that many see as a transfer of government funds aimed at boosting the Saudi Crown Prince’s economic agenda.
“This bond is being issued for two reasons: to establish Aramco’s status as an independent corporate identity and to enable the transfer of wealth out of the company,” said Marcus Chenevix, analyst, MENA and global political research at TS Lombard.
Aramco, however, said the bond issue was not linked to the SABIC acquisition and many see it as a relationship building exercise with international investors ahead of its planned initial public offering, scheduled for last year and then postponed to 2021.