BEIJING: China’s central bank on Monday cut an interest rate on loans to banks by the largest margin in five years and injected US$7 billion into the financial system to help the world’s second-largest economy weather the coronavirus impact.
The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) said it launched a 50-billion-yuan reverse repurchase operation on Monday and lowered the seven-day reverse repurchase rate from 2.40% to 2.20%.
It was the “largest cut since 2015 and takes the 7-day reverse repo rate to its lowest on record”, said Julian Evans-Pritchard, senior China economist at Capital Economics.
“By offering funds at a lower rate, the PBoC will be able to keep market interbank rates low even as the liquidity from the RRR (reserve requirement ratio) cuts is absorbed by the banking system,” he said, referring to an earlier lowering of the amount of cash lenders must keep in reserve.
The deadly pathogen has claimed almost 40,000 lives worldwide, hitting businesses and consumers, and its global spread has dampened hope of a quick recovery in export-dependent China, where the pandemic first erupted in December.
The latest move comes as governments and central banks around the world ease monetary policy and unveil titanic stimulus measures worth around US$5 trillion to counter the economic impact of the pandemic, which forecasters warn will cause a deep recession.
The Communist Party’s decision-making politburo also called last Friday for stronger counter-cyclical policy measures and a step-up in stimulus.
The politburo said where appropriate, the fiscal deficit ratio should be raised, special treasury bonds should be issued, and that there should be an increased quota of local government special bond issuance, China’s official Xinhua News Agency reported.
Effective loan rates should also be guided down, “maintaining reasonable and sufficient liquidity”, officials added.
Monday’s move appears to have had little impact on market sentiment, with Shanghai’s key stock index about 1% lower in the afternoon.
As Covid-19 ravages the global economy, analysts have cut growth forecasts for China, which was the first to see the effects from containment measures aimed at halting its spread.
S&P Global Ratings said its revised economic growth estimate for China in 2020 is now almost half its pre-outbreak growth assumption of 5.7%.
ANZ Research economists Xing Zhaopeng and Raymond Yeung said in a note that the PBoC’s rate cut “is intended to lower Chinese corporates’ funding costs”.
They expect it will be followed by cuts in the medium term lending facility rates and loan prime rate.