Big policy changes will likely only happen once the new governor takes the helm in April.
TOKYO: The Bank of Japan (BOJ) is set to maintain ultra-low interest rates today and hold off on making major changes to its controversial bond yield control policy, leaving options open ahead of a leadership transition in April.
The meeting will be the last one to be chaired by Governor Haruhiko Kuroda, who leaves behind a mixed legacy with his massive stimulus praised for pulling the economy out of deflation – but straining bank profits and distorting market function with prolonged low interest rates.
With inflation exceeding its 2% target, the BOJ has been forced to ramp up bond buying to defend a 0.5% cap set for the 10-year bond yield – at the cost of distorting the shape of the yield curve and causing dysfunction in the bond market.
US Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell’s comments on Tuesday signalling the need for bigger-than-expected rate hikes also point to the likelihood Japanese yields will remain under upward pressure.
Many analysts thus see the days of yield curve control (YCC) numbered, though recent BOJ policymakers’ speeches underscore their preference to hold off on big policy changes at least until Kuroda’s successor, Kazuo Ueda, takes the helm in April.
“Under Ueda’s new leadership team, the BOJ will keep monetary conditions accommodative but tweak (YCC) to mitigate its side-effects,” said Mari Iwashita, chief market economist at Daiwa Securities.
“After conducting an examination of its policy framework, the BOJ will either abandon the 10-year yield target or shift to one targeting a shorter duration,” she said.
At the two-day meeting ending today, the BOJ is set to maintain its short-term interest rate target at -0.1% and that for the 10-year bond yield around 0%.
Some market players bet the BOJ could widen the band set around the 10-year yield target, allowing the yield to rise up to 0.75%, from the current 0.5%, as early as today.
But many analysts polled by Reuters expect any tweak in YCC to happen after Ueda takes over as new governor.
Kuroda has repeatedly said consumer inflation, now running at double the pace of the BOJ’s 2% target, will begin to slow as the effect of past spikes in fuel and raw material prices fades.
Data released today showed Japan’s wholesale prices rose 8.2% in February from a year earlier to mark the second straight month of year-on-year slowdown, heightening the chance the rise in consumer inflation will start to moderate in coming months.
The upper house of parliament today approved the government’s appointment of Ueda and his two new deputies, Shinichi Uchida and Ryozo Himino, finalising the confirmation of the new BOJ leadership.
Ueda will chair his first policy meeting on April 27-28, when the board will produce closely watched, fresh quarterly growth and price forecasts extending through fiscal 2025.