Battle-worn but beautiful Kuala Kedah Fort


Kuala Kedah Fort has witnessed many bloody battles in Kedah’s turbulent history as competing powers fought for influence in this strategic corner of the Malay Peninsula.

The fort has been destroyed, rebuilt and strengthened numerous times since it was first built in the 17th Century by Kedah’s Sultan Sulaiman Syah.

The original fort was made from clay, timber and bamboo and used by the Portuguese as a trading depot.

The Portuguese had a bitter rivalry with the Acehnese, who sent over a fleet in 1619 to destroy the fort and oust the Portuguese.

Later generations rebuilt the fort but it was destroyed again in 1770, this time by a Bugis fleet.

Francis Light of the British East India Company helped to evict the Bugis. In return for British protection, particularly against the Siamese who were flexing their muscles in this area, the Sultan of Kedah agreed to cede Penang Island to the East India Company.

This was a good deal from the British point of view but despite reinforcing the fort with labour imported from India around 1780, it did not prevent the Siamese from attacking and destroying the fort in 1821 and once again, for the final time, in 1838.

Kuala Kedah Fort Today

The fort occupies a commanding position on the northern bank of the Kedah River estuary facing Kuala Kedah town on the opposite bank.

There is an attractive old white timber house in the centre of the fort, which comprises the main part of the museum, surrounded by thick brick walls studded with a number of cannons.

There are two gates. The more attractive white arched gate is known as the Kacapuri Archway while the other brick gateway is known as the British Archway.

There is also a disused lighthouse in the grounds. Entrance to the fort is free.


Close to the fort you will not miss Kuala Kedah Marina, a brick-coloured castle-like structure completed in 2003.

Kuala Kedah itself is a little fishing town and is one of the places where you can catch a ferry to Langkawi (Kuala Perlis and Penang are the other places).


One of the specialty foods unique to this area is Laksa Teluk Kechai.

This variety of laksa is not as spicy as others, and comes with a special orange-coloured Sambal that tastes like it could be made from fish roe mixed with coconut. The dish may not look pleasing to the eye, but it is very tasty.

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