Wok it! How to choose your wok and season it too

The wok – a must-have piece of equipment in any self-respecting Malaysian’s kitchen.

Take a peek into any kitchen in Malaysia and chances are you’ll find at least one wok amidst a collection of various pots and pans.

Even home owners who rarely cook, want one in their kitchen just for a little street cred. Those however often look in pristine condition.

Then there’s your aunty’s – a stained and battered wok, blackened from years and possibly decades of use, taking centre stage on the stove top.

You wonder why she doesn’t just get a new one. But she insists this one makes the best Nasi Goreng Kampung. Plus, it’s been seasoned.

What? And if you didn’t know it should be seasoned in the first place, read on.

The basics: Choosing your wok

A wok generally refers to a deep pan with sloped sides.

It comes in handy for steaming, deep-frying, stir-frying, boiling and more, making it a versatile piece of equipment for just about any kind of cuisine. The sloped edges are great for tossing ingredients.

Woks are available in a variety of prices, sizes, materials, handles and bottoms, so choosing one can be confusing.

Here’s what you should be looking for:

• A wok made of carbon steel with at least 2mm thickness – you do not want the sides to bend when you press it.

• Slight grooves or texture on the inner part. This helps food “stick” to the walls when you want to push it aside.

• One long handle, occasionally accompanied with a shorter handle on the opposite side. This is particularly useful for tossing food.

• A rounded bottom.

• Size-wise – make sure it fits your stove top comfortably. A 12” to 14” diameter (at its widest point), is ideal for home use.


• Not all stove tops, especially electric ranges, are round bottomed wok friendly. You can either purchase an insert or ring so it sits comfortably on the stove, or, as a last alternative, get one with a flat bottom.

You’ll want one with a narrow flat bottom so it can sit on your stove top comfortably without toppling over when you cook.

• But if you have a high-pressure stove, get a larger round-bottomed wok as you don’t want it to fall in.

This is a high-pressure stove. Most people don’t have this in their home kitchens, but it is extremely useful if you cook a lot.

I’ve bought one! What next?

Let’s start by cleaning your wok from the oil or grease it comes pre-coated with to prevent it from rusting while in storage. You’ll want to get rid of that coating of oil before you start using it.

Things you’ll need:

• Your new wok

• Water

• Dishwashing liquid

• Steel wool

• Salt

• Vegetable cooking oil

• Tongs

• Paper towels

• Dry cloth

Let’s clean

• First, you’ll need ventilation. It’s going to get smoky, so make sure your area is well ventilated.

• Turn your stove on to high heat and place your wok directly on the heat. If you have a high-pressure stove, this process is significantly faster, if you don’t, patience is required.

• Burn off the oil coating. You will notice the wok start to discolour as the coating burns off, ranging from yellow to brown, silver or blue or black, depending on your wok. Use the handle to tilt the sides down towards the fire so the coating will burn off there too.

• Turn your wok upside down and sprinkle some salt on the bottom. Shake it off.

• Turn it right side up again and place it on the fire. Being careful of the steam, pour water into the wok, filling it about halfway.

• Squeeze some dishwashing liquid into the water.

• Grip steel wool with a pair of long tongs and scrub it thoroughly. This is the only time you should scrub your wok with steel wool.

• Remove the water and rinse quickly once or twice with clean water, throwing the water away after each rinse.

• Wipe with paper towels or a dry cloth. Use tongs if the wok is too hot.

• Let it sit on the fire for a minute until it is thoroughly dry. Tilt the sides down towards the fire to reach all sides.

Seasoning time

• Once your wok is thoroughly dry, add cooking oil. You can either add 3 to 4 cups of cooking oil and use a large ladle to pour the hot oil down the walls of the wok, or pour about ½ to 1 cup of cooking oil and use paper towels held by tongs to wipe the oil, thoroughly covering the surface.

• Remove excess oil.

• Using a dry cloth or paper towels, wipe the wok again, and then use the same cloth to wipe the underside.

• Your wok is ready to be used!

This wok has seen a few uses! Don’t scrub the blackened parts off ok?

Important things to remember

• Try to avoid scrubbing your wok once it has been seasoned. A little soap and soft sponge is all you really need. Dry immediately.

• Don’t forget to season your wok after cleaning. This protects it from rust. Just pour a little vegetable oil on a paper towel and rub both sides before storing.

• The more you use your wok, the more it’ll start to darken. This will also eventually make it completely non-stick. Now you know why your aunt refuses to throw out her blackened and bruised wok!

• You don’t need to wash the wok before reusing it unless it’s been awhile and some dust has accumulated. Even then, a rinse will suffice.

All you need to do to start reusing your wok is to heat and season it by wiping a thin layer of oil around it with a paper towel.

You will know it’s hot enough and ready to be used when the layer of oil has dried up and the wok seems to glow.

Ready to be used!

This article first appeared in butterkicap.com

Butterkicap is a food and culture platform and community that enables anyone to experience Malaysia through stories of her people, food and places.