Having the right computer science skills for Industry 4.0

Technology and globalisation are transforming work significantly in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is currently in progress.

According to LinkedIn’s Emerging Job Report 2018, jobs such as Blockchain Developer, Machine Learning Engineer, Application Sales Executive, and Data Science Specialist, which are related to computer science, are emerging rapidly.

Therefore, by becoming familiar with cybersecurity, cloud computing, and big data, your skills will be relevant for future job opportunities.

Police and thieves in cyberspace

The prevalence of communication in virtual space has resulted in the emergence of crime in the borderless digital world.

According to Symantec, cyberspace as a virtual environment has become a central point of exchange for many users, in terms of communication for social, political, and economic events.

There are many countries worldwide that are increasingly using virtual or cyberspace to make monetary transactions with the internet as a platform.

This has resulted in the emergence and high chance of cyber-terrorism and cyber-crime being carried out anytime and anywhere in our borderless world. Most recent attacks against companies in Singapore, Vietnam, the United Kingdom, US, and other countries show an alarming trend of cyber-attacks in both emerging economies and developed countries.

Therefore, there is a need for cybersecurity professionals to provide cybersecurity solutions to organisations.

Rising demand in cloud computing

Many of the applications being used by people rely on cloud computing and are provided by cloud providers.

According to the US Government’s National Institute of Standards and Technology, cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (such as networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.

Services from cloud providers include office suites, creative suites, and file storage. These services are offered by various cloud providers, including prominent ones such as Microsoft, Adobe, Google, and Amazon. The types of services that a cloud provider might sell include Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS), Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

Therefore, demand for cloud computing professionals will rise in tandem with a rising demand for cloud services.

Talent shortage in big data management

The magnitude of data generated is driving the evolution of big data in the near future. There is currently a shortage of talent in managing such data.

Big data is a large set of data that is almost impossible to manage and process using traditional business intelligence tools. As more social networks start appearing and Web 2.0 takes flight, more data is created daily.

Over the past few years, there has been a massive increase in Big Data start-ups trying to deal with big data and helping organisations understand big data.

The emergence of data started with the mainframe (legacy system), before proceeding to client/server systems, the internet, and eventually big data, mobile, social, and cloud computing.

The large big data revolution is still ahead of us, so there will be a lot of changes in the application of Big Data technology in the future.

According to McKinsey’s “Big Data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity” 2011 report, the US will face a shortage of 140,000 to 190,000 data scientists, as well as 1.5 million data managers in 2018.

In conclusion, with the increasing usage and advancement of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), students looking for undergraduate courses should pursue these three big areas in both knowledge and technical practices offered by higher education providers.

This will ensure that their jobs are future-proof and fulfil the needs of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Article contributed by International University of Malaya Wales (IUMW).

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