Muscle cramps can be really painful and can occur constantly if you do not find ways to get rid of it. They happen not just to a certain group of people but to all categories and ages.
The frequency of cramps happening can be quite inconvenient for the elderly or people such as athletes who lead an active lifestyle.
Some cramps like heat cramps can be a result of the imbalance of both serum electrolyte and dehydration.
Any decrease in sodium, potassium, magnesium, chloride, or calcium are causes of serum electrolyte imbalance while a decrease in body mass, blood amount and plasma volume supports the dehydration theory.
On the other hand, the exercise-associated muscle cramps or EAMC are not really dependent on these two factors as there is no evidence on the relationship between them.
Here are the five best methods to get rid of muscle cramps:
EAMC usually takes effect when you have a highly active period of training before an event, or any other sudden increase in muscle activity. It is strongly recommended not to continue the exercise and stop the activity.
Take your time to rest and monitor the rehabilitation time. The muscle-building process is accelerated during rest time, along with the regeneration of new tissue.
Research suggests that you should lengthen the stretching time for your muscle groups. Stretching can build up the physiological relationship of excitatory and inhibitory impulses.
Stretching also increases blood flow to the muscles.
This is one of the most common ways to treat heat cramps. Sodium can be either consumed orally or injected.
It is to prevent dehydration and loss of serum electrolyte which can cause muscle cramps. Sodium works together with potassium, magnesium, and chloride to balance your level of electrolytes.
4. Drink more water
This simple tip prevents you from losing too much liquid as dehydration is among the main causes of muscle cramps.
Research shows that drinking more water helps you to prevent cramps and stay hydrated , especially during hot days.
5. Stand or walk
Instead of doing stretching, the elderly may want an easier way to reduce muscle cramps as they may not be flexible enough to reach a certain point while doing stretching.
Just standing or walking and keeping active can also help them to reduce cramps.
Consuming food with a high level of potassium can help you to counter muscle cramps. Food such as bananas, broccoli and sweet potato have a high level of potassium.
Finally, a well-prepared plan can reduce the possibility of getting muscle cramps and lessen the effects of it by doing warm-up exercises before and getting enough rest after strenuous activities.
This article first appeared in Hello Doktor. The Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.