KUALA LUMPUR: Based on the population estimates for 2022, there are 9.19 million children under the age of 18, according to the Children Statistics Malaysia 2022 report issued by the statistics department (DoSM).
Of this number, 4.75 million are boys and 4.44 million girls.
Chief Statistician Uzir Mahidin said children made up 28.1% of Malaysia’s population of 32.65 million.
He said the composition of children aged five and below is 2.39 million, comprising 1.22 million boys and 1.17 million girls, which is 26% of the total number of children in Malaysia.
Putrajaya recorded the highest percentage of children under the age of 18 in 2022, at 41.6% of the total population of 120,000, followed by Kelantan (35.3%) and Terengganu (34%), he said, adding that the lowest was Penang, with 23.4%.
“Selangor recorded the highest number of children under the age of 18, at 1.81 million, followed by Johor (1.12 million) and Sabah (1.06 million), with the lowest number recorded in Labuan at 30,000,” he said in a statement today.
According to Uzir, certain conditions originating in the perinatal period remained the principal cause of death for children below the age of five in 2021 at 37%.
This was followed by congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (29.9%), pneumonia (2.1%), Covid-19 infection (1.5%), and road accidents (1.1%), he said.
On education, Uzir said the enrolment transition rate for primary to lower secondary level showed an increase of 1.5% to 90.9% in 2021, compared with 89.4% in 2020.
The enrolment transition rate for lower secondary to upper secondary level also showed an increase of 1.4% to 99.3% over the same period, he added.
However, he said, the enrolment transition rate from upper secondary to post-secondary recorded a decrease of 0.7% in 2021 to 2.8%, compared with 3.5% in the previous year.