By Kua Kia Soong
The discovery of the “love letter” from the Prime Minister’s Department to the CIA, hoping for the US government’s support for Najib Razak and his government, as opposed to the Pakatan Harapan coalition led by the supposedly “anti-US” Dr Mahathir Mohamad, should be seen in historical context.
Exactly how pro or “anti-US” Umno leaders have been through the years can be gleaned from this record in my 2010 title, “Questioning Arms Spending in Malaysia”.
Malaysia’s non-aligned policy was founded upon the principles of peace, neutrality and impartiality to the superpowers. A genuine non-aligned policy can therefore go a long way toward ridding us of the need to procure expensive arms.
But despite Malaysia’s avowed non-aligned policy and Mahathir’s “anti-US” posturing during his term in office from 1981 to 2003, Malaysia has all along been partial to the US.
Both countries have been holding joint military exercises since the early 1970s. When Mahathir visited Washington in 1984, this relationship was formalised in an agreement signed by the Malaysian prime minister and the then US defence secretary Caspar Weinberger:
“At Malaysia’s request, the agreement on Bilateral Training and Educational Cooperation has been kept secret. One reason for the secrecy is that Malaysia has championed non-alignment and has strongly argued for the creation of a Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality in Southeast Asia.” (AWSJ, April 8, 1992)
Speaking to newsmen, after opening the Third Defence Services Asia 1992, then defence minister Najib Razak said that Malaysia supported the continuing American military presence in the region. (NST, April 30, 1992)
Malaysia signed an acquisition and cross-servicing agreement in 1994 that allowed US Navy ships to visit Malaysian ports for repairs and replenishment. The contract was renewed during prime minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi’s tenure in 2005.
Each year, US Special Forces train at Malaysia’s jungle-warfare school and bilateral military-to-military cooperation has been growing rather than diminishing.
The administration of US President George W Bush was also rather appreciative of Malaysia’s security and counter-terrorism efforts.
During President Barack Obama’s term in office, then prime minister Najib became much more open to the USA. His government, for example, had been trying to reach a free trade agreement with the Americans.
The US and Malaysia carried out a number of joint exercises in 2008, including a special forces exercise involving a US Delta Force unit and Malaysian Special Forces.
After his much-publicised audience with Obama in April 2010, Najib fell in line with the US policy to impose sanctions on Iran.
Speech by Najib in 2002
During the time when Najib and other Umno leaders were trying to allege that then opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim had “CIA connections”, this excerpt of a speech by then defence minister Najib on “Malaysia-US Defence Cooperation: The Untold Story” at the US Heritage Foundation on May 3, 2002 should put Malaysians in the true picture of who had been holding secret liaisons with the US:
“For many years US and Malaysian forces have cooperated on a wide range of missions with virtually no fanfare or public acknowledgement.
“And in spite of its success, our bilateral defence relationship seems to be an all too well-kept secret… Historically, Malaysia has been a steady, reliable friend of the United States.
“Our multitude of common interests include trade and investment on a sizeable scale and security cooperation across a range of fronts.
“Malaysian forces regularly conduct joint training with United States’ counterparts and the United States routinely enjoys access to Malaysian airfields and ports.
“Also, Malaysia provides one of the few bases outside the United States for US military jungle-warfare training. US troops are warmly welcomed in Malaysia and enjoy training there.
“In particular, there have been more than 75 US military ship visits in the past two and a half years. The United States conducts training exercises with the Royal Malaysian Air Force, flying with and against them in mock battles.
“US Navy SEALs conduct training in Malaysia twice a year. The US Army does field exercises with the Malaysian army. Finally, 1,500 Malaysian defence personnel have benefited from the US-sponsored IMET (international military education and training) programme.
“As you can see, cooperation between our two nations started long before Sept 11, 2001. But the horrific events of that day galvanised our relationship as never before. Prime Minister Mahathir has been vocal in condemning the attacks, and we have been happy to provide an elevated level of cooperation with the United States on a range of fronts.
“For example, the United States averages more than 1,000 flights per year. Since Sept 11, this number has increased dramatically, and all requests have been approved.
“The United States has excellent access to Malaysian intelligence. Malaysia occupies a strategic location along the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea and devotes considerable resources to maintaining safe and free shipping lanes for commercial and military vessels.
“Since Sept 11, Malaysian forces have been protecting US ships in the straits. Malaysia has a considerable number of troops and military assets on our islands to thwart the threat of Abu Sayyaf terrorists in the southern Philippines.
“In addition, Malaysia is actively identifying assets of terrorists and teaching Indonesia and other Asean (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries how to freeze assets.
“Beyond our bilateral cooperation with the United States, Malaysia has been at the forefront of prosecuting terrorists within our region.
“The capture in December of Philippine terrorists in Malaysia and the subsequent arrests of al-Qaeda-linked terrorists in Malaysia and Singapore have underscored the need for regional coordination, which we are actively advocating.
“Some 62 terrorists and militias with global and regional links have been arrested under our Internal Security Act, and more are currently being hunted down.
“Over the years, some in the United States have misinterpreted some of Dr Mahathir’s straight talk. Let me be clear: strong friendships can withstand strong words.
“Malaysia and the United States have been close for decades. Our multi-faceted relationship will have its high and low points, but the core values our nations share endure.” (“US-Malaysia Defence Cooperation: A Solid Success Story”, The Heritage Foundation, 3.5.2002, #742 print))
Kua Kia Soong is adviser to rights group Suaram.
The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of FMT.