From Dr Amar-Singh HSS, Syed Azmi Alhabshi, Srividhya Ganapathy, Bina Ramanand, Amy Bala, Gill Raja, PH Wong, Irene Xavier, Azira Aziz and Ajeet Kaur.
The recent deaths of young children left in cars and then dying due to thermal injury is a matter of concern.
Leaving a child for 20 to 30 minutes under the hot sun in a closed vehicle is enough to kill a young child.
This is not just a Malaysian problem but a worldwide worry. In the US, more than 1,000 children have died in “hot vehicles” and another 7,000 have survived with varying injuries since 1990.
This has been dubbed the “forgotten baby syndrome”.
We are writing not to apportion blame as we recognise that this could happen to any parent or caregiver. This is not a neglect issue but is related to how our busy lives affect our memory.
Our hearts go out to the bereaved parents and we hope they receive the support and understanding needed at such a tragic time of loss. We cannot begin to understand the anguish these parents are experiencing with the death of their precious child.
We must appreciate the mechanism of this tragedy. This usually involves a young child, under six years of age, who has fallen asleep in the back of the car.
The parent or carer experiences a “break in routine”, resulting in a loss of habit, for example a different parent sending the child to kindergarten or a person receiving a call for an urgent meeting.
The key factor is a distracted parent — one who has too much on his/her mind and is rushing to complete many tasks on a busy day. We have all been in this situation many times.
Data supports that the safest place for your child is in the backseat, in a car seat. Hence, putting them in the front seat is not a good option.
Most evidence and international expert guidelines recommend that young children under the age of five should be placed in a car safety seat, preferably in the centre of the back seat.
In many developed countries, it is illegal to put a child in a safety chair in the front passenger seat as the passenger airbag poses a danger in case of an accident.
We need to work together to reduce these tragic child deaths. What we will need is for all of us to develop good habits when transporting children in vehicles, as well as having counter-check mechanisms and reminders, together with support from society.
We need to develop firm and consistent habits to prevent this from happening to our children. Do not assume it will not happen to your child.
- Firstly, keep an important item in the back seat with your child, an item that you cannot do without at a meeting, work or shopping.
For example, keep your purse, handphone or shoes on the floorboard of the back seat. This will serve to remind you as you leave the car.
- Secondly, keep an object in the front seat to remind you of your child, like a stuffed animal. Swap the child and the object when you place the child in the back seat and vice versa when you take your child out of the vehicle.
- Thirdly, remind your childcare provider, babysitter or kindergarten teacher to call you if your child does not turn up at the correct time. This can serve as a back-up safety net.
- Fourthly, as members of a caring public, it is our vital duty to stop whenever we see any child left alone in a car. Find out why and call the police if you cannot immediately find the parents. Don’t wait more than a few minutes for the driver to return before taking action. Never hesitate to rescue a child trapped in a car — break a window if necessary.
- Fifthly, there are technologies being developed to support parents and we should keep abreast of them, like car seats with built-in sensors or alarms, apps with alerts or reminders and GPS trackers and distance alerts for our children.
We need to push for these to become routine in all cars sold in Malaysia. Note that Waze has inbuilt reminders to support parents transporting children.
We ask that parents be extra vigilant when there is a change in their routine or if someone else is driving their child (another parent or carer). Always check to make sure that your child has arrived safely at the destination.
We ask that all childcare providers — child-minders, nurseries, taska and kindergarten staff — be trained to routinely call parents if their child is more than 10 minutes late arriving at the centre.
Remember, there are no unnecessary calls, only life-saving ones.
We ask that the government work with civil society to instal stickers on all cars and vehicles that carry children. These should be on the dashboard/front seat and state “Look before you lock” or “Check for your child before you leave”.
We ask that the government work with all automobile companies to introduce legislation to help prevent child car deaths. This would require that all new vehicles be equipped with systems (audio and visual reminders) to alert drivers to check rear seats for children when the engine is switched off.
We should also explore if rear-seat detection or reminder units can be mandated and routinely installed in all existing vehicles.
Car manufacturers should not wait for legislation but instal them immediately.
Every death of a child in a car is one death too many. We can work together to prevent this.
Dr Amar-Singh HSS is a consultant paediatrician and a child-disability activist.
Srividhya Ganapathy is co-chairman of Child Rights Innovation & Betterment (CRIB) Foundation.
Bina Ramanand is co-founder of the Foreign Spouses Support Group.
Amy Bala is with the Malaysian Association of Social Workers (MASW).
Gill Raja is a social work lecturer.
PH Wong is with Childline Foundation.
Azira Aziz is a lawyer.
Ajeet Kaur is co-chairman of CRIB Foundation.
Syed Azmi Alhabshi and Irene Xavier are FMT readers.
The views expressed are those of the writers and do not necessarily reflect those of FMT.