Xi has accrued more power than any of his immediate predecessors and has intensified efforts to ensure cadres are loyal, disciplined, upright and honest.
Freedom of religion includes freedom not to be part of any religion, and the state cannot compel every citizen to follow some religion, say an ex-judge and a lawyer.
Islamic Renaissance Front says the government and Islamic religious authorities should ask if the problem lies in the way they administer Islam or the way Islamic teachers approach Islam.
This suggests that in an increasingly secular world, many -- including some atheists -- still hold the view that people will do bad things unless they fear punishment from all-seeing gods.
Freedom of Thought Report by human rights group cites 'government figures or state agencies which openly marginalise, harass, or incite hatred'.
Hazim Ismail is said to have been disowned by his family after they found out he is a homosexual and an atheist.