Qu a biologist by training receives the most votes beating out candidates from France and Georgia.
Britain's top advisory body on climate change this year says the target could be achieved within a budget of 1-2% of gross domestic product by 2050.
The work is punishing and the incomes unstable, subject to seesawing demand swayed by foreign imports, and increasingly unpredictable weather patterns.
Measuring melting ice is a fairly precise business in 2019 – thanks to satellites, weather stations and sophisticated climate models.
Global coal consumption in 2018 rose only in Asia, especially China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia.
Water minister calls for controlled distribution of water to meet daily needs and for industrial and agricultural use.
Europe’s biggest oil company says it plans to reduce its net carbon footprint by half by 2050.
Children clambered onto statues in the shadow of Big Ben to call for action, and to raise awareness.
Even if the "most ambitious" Paris Agreement goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is achieved, one-third of the glaciers would go.
More than 80 people were expected to air their views about the impact of climate-related disasters on peace and security.
Scientists warn that as climate change causes Himalayan glaciers to melt at an alarming rate, lakes could swell further and eventually collapse.
The schedule for the closing plenary has been repeatedly pushed back to later in the day - a sign a more diplomacy work needs to be done.
CO2 emissions must drop a quarter within 12 years to stay under 2C, and by nearly half to cap warming at 1.5C, seen as a safer guardrail against catastrophic extreme weather.
Green activists urged people to find solutions for both environmental problems and the financial struggles of France's poorest.
The UN climate summit comes at a crucial juncture in mankind's response to planetary warming.
As cleanup began, as many as 650 aftershocks continued to rock the area.
Scientists monitoring the Earth's climate and environment have delivered a cascade of grim news this year.
Nations must agree to a rulebook palatable to all 183 states who have ratified the Paris deal.
With the threat removed, the meeting of the 195-nation panel in South Korea swiftly approved the report on how to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius and what a 1.5C world might look like.
A crescendo of deadly heatwaves, floods, wildfires and superstorms engorged by rising seas has convinced scientists that the danger cursor needed to be reset.
Rivers swelled toward record levels, and thousands of people were ordered to evacuate.
More than 2.4 million people have been relocated and nearly 50,000 fishing boats were called back to port.
Mangkhut was still punching powerful winds and gusts equivalent to a Category 4 Atlantic hurricane when it hit the Philippines.
Forecasters said the storm's slow progress across the North and South Carolina could leave much of the region under water in the coming days.