There are more than 30 universities and colleges in Penang, but only USM has student hostels.
The US Supreme Court has ruled over a series of cases that universities may use affirmative action to help minority applicants get into college. Conservatives have argued such programs can hurt whites and Asian-Americans.
Education Malaysia Global Services CEO Rujhan Mustafa says one way to attract more foreign students is by giving them full or partial scholarships.
Vice-chancellors should not be appointed by ministers, and top management posts should be filled through election by their peers.