Colombia FARC rebel dissidents number 1,200, military says

General Alberto José Mejía, who leads the Colombian military, considers FARC rebel dissidents to be major threats. (Reuters pic)

BOGOTÁ: Around 1,200 former members of Colombia’s FARC rebel group did not demobilise under a peace deal and instead joined dissident factions still fighting the government, the head of the military said on Tuesday, quadrupling the initial official estimate of dissidents.

Most members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) handed over their weapons at the start of last year and are now a political party after battling the government for more than five decades.

General Alberto José Mejía had estimated in February 2017 that dissident fighters numbered some 300.

“These dissidents have grown in some parts of the country. Initially, there was a jump from 500 to 750, to 1,000 … and now the figure is approximately 1,200,” Mejía told journalists.

More than 12,200 FARC fighters and sympathisers are participating in reintegration programs. The group handed in more than 8,000 weapons to the United Nations during demobilisation and ran candidates in their first-ever elections this month.

FARC dissidents have joined crime gangs and the National Liberation Army (ELN) rebels on the list of the country’s top security threats since demobilisation as the different groups fight each other and state security forces for control of lucrative drug-trafficking routes and illegal mining areas.

“These residuals are dedicated specifically to drug-trafficking, to developing illegal economies,” said Mejía, adding extortion was also a funding source for the dissidents.

Two hundred and forty-eight FARC dissidents have been captured, killed, or have handed themselves in to authorities since the offensive against them began about the middle of last year, Mejía said.