Families flee as regime, Russia pummel Syria’s south

Daraa has been ravaged by attacks from the Syrian government and Russian forces alike. (AFP pic)

DARAA: Syria’s government ramped up its bombardment of the southern city of Daraa on Monday, forcing dozens of families to flee an expected assault on the cradle of a seven-year uprising.

After a string of wins elsewhere, President Bashar al-Assad has set his sights on recapturing the country’s strategic south, which borders Jordan and the Israel-occupied Golan Heights.

His forces have been battering rebel-held towns in Daraa Governorate for nearly a week, leaving at least 29 civilians dead, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

They then turned to the provincial capital of the same name, launching air strikes and barrel bombs on opposition-held districts early on Monday.

More than 55 surface-to-surface missiles slammed into those neighbourhoods after midnight, followed by four barrel bombs, the UK-based Observatory said.

The Observatory said the city was struck again around noon, this time with air strikes by Syria’s ally Russia, which has helped Assad’s troops recapture swathes of territory since 2015.

The attacks prompted dozens of terrified families to stream out of Daraa.

Leaving on foot or by motorcycle, they took refuge in small shacks or tents among the trees.

“We don’t know what happened. We were sleeping with the children when all of a sudden, we heard heavy shelling,” said Ahmad al-Musalima, 31.

“The kids started shaking in fear,” he said.

He and his family fled overnight, joining an estimated 20,000 people displaced by the past week’s escalating violence, according to the Observatory.

“We left the house and didn’t know where to go. We headed towards the plain with the kids crying and heavy shelling overhead,” Musalima told AFP.

Syrian rebels hold the western half of the city of Daraa and most of the surrounding governorate, as well most of the adjacent governorate of Quneitra to the west.

That territory includes a military base held by rebels since 2014.

Syrian troops, meanwhile hold the city of Daraa’s eastern half and nearly all the adjacent governorate of Sweida.

Those areas have come under opposition fire too, with rebels launching rockets on the city of Sweida on Monday, state news agency SANA said.

Front lines had been relatively quiet for nearly a year under a “de-escalation” deal agreed in July 2017 by Russia, the US, and Jordan.

But now, the regime and its Russian allies are pursuing a divide-and-conquer strategy against rebels.

On Monday, Russian bombing raids hit the military base near the border with Jordan, said the Observatory.

Ousting rebels from it would divide the opposition horseshoe into a western and eastern section.

Russian strikes and 20 regime barrel bombs on Monday also hit the key town of Basr al-Harir in Daraa’s eastern countryside, rocked by clashes for nearly a week.A

A military source quoted by SANA said the army was pressing its operations in Daraa’s east.

The renewed hostilities could put 750,000 lives at risk, the United Nations said.

“Any humanitarian crisis in south Syria must be averted first by sparing civilians the pains of fighting, and second, be responded to swiftly from inside and outside Syria,” said Ali al-Zaatari, UN humanitarian coordinator in Syria.

Jordan said on Sunday it could not absorb a new wave of refugees across its border.

To avoid a bloody onslaught, Russia is leading negotiations with Syria, Jordan, Israel, and the US on a settlement.

The uptick in violence could be tied to those talks, said Sam Heller of the International Crisis Group.

“It seems the air strikes have two aims: exerting pressure in order to get negotiations, either international or local, and paving the way for a wider attack in case the negotiations don’t make progress,” he told AFP.

But “the Americans haven’t gotten seriously involved in the talks over the south, and they’re not expected to intervene militarily,” Heller said.

International efforts have so far failed to stem seven years of bloodshed in Syria.

On Monday, the UN’s Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura met with senior officials from France, Germany, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, the UK, and the US.

They expressed “grave concern” at the escalation in southern Syria, de Mistura’s office said.