MANILA: Hong Kong issued its third-highest warning as a weakened though still dangerous Super Typhoon Mangkhut bears down on China’s Guangdong province, after leaving a path of destruction across the northern Philippines. Most Hong Kong flights were cancelled and high-speed rail service was halted as the storm approached.
The typhoon’s top winds declined to about 167 kilometres per hour (103 mph), from 195 kph earlier, according to the US Navy and Air Force’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii. Mangkhut’s structure will be ripped by wind shear, weakening its top winds as it approaches the coast to Hong Kong’s west.
It was about 310 kilometres southeast of Hong Kong at 5 am, according to the Hong Kong Observatory, which issued a Storm Signal 8 warning for residents to rush preparations and brace for high winds. Mangkhut will make its closest approach to the Pearl River Delta about 12-noon.
“The forecast is certainly much more favourable for Hong Kong than it was two or three days ago,” said Steve Bowen, director and meteorologist at Aon Benfield Analytics in Chicago.
Economic losses in Hong Kong and across China could reach US$50 billion on top of the US$16 billion to US$20 billion it probably exacted in the Philippines, said Chuck Watson, a disaster modeller for Enki Research in Savannah, Georgia. The impact in the Philippines could be between 5 to 6% of its gross domestic product.
The costs could rise if Mangkhut’s track shifts to make a direct hit on Hong Kong, though Watson said the storm doesn’t appear to be closing in there.
Mangkhut struck Cagayan province in the northern Philippines Saturday with winds of up to 269 kilometres, leaving at least three dead and sending about 126,800 people to shelters, authorities said.
When it hit, Mangkhut was a Category 5 storm on the US scale and three times larger than Hurricane Florence, which struck North Carolina on Friday, according to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Almost 1 million people along Mangkhut’s path live in coastal areas or have homes made of light materials, Edgar Posadas, spokesman of the disaster-monitoring agency, said earlier.
Philippine authorities are finding it difficult to reach areas hardest hit by the storm. At least five roads and bridges in the north of the country are impassable after landslides, while gales shattered windows and collapsed the ceiling of an airport in Cagayan province. Wind and rain are preventing government agencies from assessing the full extent of damage, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said in a televised news conference.
Authorities are releasing water from several dams, which is likely to flood more areas on the main Luzon island, the weather bureau said. Strong winds cut communication lines in Cagayan, leaving far-flung areas where the typhoon made landfall out of touch with the government, Governor Manuel Mamba told CNN.
Manila Electric Co. said 430,000 customers in the capital region and nearby provinces are without electricity. Six transmission lines in Luzon were toppled by the storm.
Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi postponed his Sept. 16-18 visit to the Philippines in the aftermath of the storm. The Southeast Asian nation’s foreign affairs department said it is now focused on coordinating offers of international humanitarian assistance.
Throughout the region, airlines had canceled at least 1,339 flights through the next 48 hours, according to FlightAware, a Houston-based tracking service. Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd. said in a statement it will ground 400 flights in the next three days. Its unit Cathay Dragon said it won’t be flying Sunday.
AirAsia Group Bhd had canceled at least 22 flights as of Saturday morning, upsetting travelers from Manila to Shenzhen and Macau, according to a Facebook post. Philippines Airlines Inc. scrapped 41 Saturday flights, including those to Hangzhou and Tokyo, it said on Facebook.
Mangkhut could affect as many as 30.5 million people across Asia, according to the United Nations Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System. About 20 cyclones pass through disaster-prone Philippines each year. Super Typhoon Haiyan, which packed winds of 315 kilometers an hour, killed more than 6,300 people there in 2013.