WASHINGTON: John Walker Lindh, dubbed the “American Taliban” after he was captured fighting for the Islamist insurgents in November 2001, was freed early from federal prison today after serving 17 years, the Federal Bureau of Prisons said.
Known as “Detainee 001” in the US War on Terror, Lindh’s release after 17 years in prison is resurrecting memories of the Sept 11 attacks and underscores the fact that, almost two decades later, the US continues to battle the Taliban with no end in sight.
Images of Lindh – bearded, dirty and dishevelled and strapped to stretcher after his capture – came to symbolise the country’s enemy.
While Lindh’s family and supporters say he never took up arms against his own country, others say he remains a committed jihadist and danger to society.
In a letter this week to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, two senators asked how his alleged threat would be contained, citing unproven allegations that he “openly” supports extremist violence.
“We must consider the security and safety implications for our citizens and communities who will receive individuals like John Walker Lindh,” they said.
Lindh, 38, was released from the high-security prison in Terre Haute, Indiana three years early for good behaviour in a 20-year sentence.
The quiet son of a middle-class couple living north of San Francisco, converted to Islam at 16 years old and travelled in 1998 to Yemen to study Arabic.
After returning home for several months, he went back to Yemen in 2000 and then to Pakistan to study further.
In mid-2001, ostensibly drawn by stories of the mistreatment of Afghans, he enlisted in the Taliban’s fight against the Northern Alliance.
After the United States intervened in Afghanistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks, Lindh was one of hundreds of Taliban fighters captured by Northern Alliance forces on Nov 25.
He revealed his American identity to two CIA officers.
One of them, Johnny Micheal Spann, was killed in a prisoner revolt hours after he interrogated Lindh, making him the first American killed in post-9/11 conflict in Afghanistan.
While Lindh had no role in Spann’s death, his case became politically and emotionally entwined with it.
Once back in the United States, he was charged with multiple counts of terrorism and conspiracy to kill Americans, with politicians and generals demanding he be given the death penalty.
But in July 2002, he pleaded guilty to much-reduced charges of illegally aiding the Taliban and of carrying weapons and explosives in the commission of that crime.
His 20-year sentence was declared a “victory for the American people in the battle against terrorism,” but raised early questions over how the US was physically and legally treating War on Terror detainees.
Remains a devout Muslim
By most accounts, Lindh has clung firmly to Islam throughout his imprisonment.
He spent years with a few dozen other Muslim prisoners in the Communications Management Unit of the Terre Haute prison, where their contacts with outsiders and outside media are strictly controlled.
An internal 2017 report from the US National Counterterrorism Center, obtained by the Foreign Policy website, said that Lindh “continued to advocate for global jihad and to write and translate violent extremist texts.”
The claim was not supported by any public evidence, and court documents never portrayed Lindh supporting “global jihad.”
But Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens, a researcher at the George Washington University Centre for Extremism, says that while in prison Lindh became close Ahmad Musa Jibril, an Arab-American who since his 2012 release continues to preach an extremely conservative version of Islam popular among jihadists.
Lindh’s family and attorney remained silent ahead of his release, giving no hint of where he will go and what he will do.
But he will face extremely tough conditions in his three-year probation.
Lindh, who is also an Irish citizen, cannot obtain a passport or travel abroad.
He can only possess or use an internet-capable computer or phone with official permission, and the device has to be monitored continuously by authorities.
Earlier this week, Spann’s father petitioned the court to review Lindh’s release, based on the 2017 National Counterterrorism Centre report.
And last week, Senators Richard Shelby and Maggie Hassan demanded the prison bureau explain how it would mitigate the potential threat of scores of “terrorist offenders” to be released in the coming years.